Much has been written here and in other publications about the substantive impacts of the CPSC’s proposed changes to the rules dealing with voluntary recalls. The substantive nature of the proposed amendments cannot be discounted even though certain commissioners persist in describing them as only “tweaks.”
As commenters analyze the impacts of the proposed changes, it is important to look at how these changes impact other rules that stakeholders and the commission operate under, specifically those dealing with submission of information under §15(b) and disclosure of information under §6(b) of the Consumer Product Safety Act. Former CPSC general counsel Cheryl Falvey has written an interesting piece that discusses that interrelationship. It is worth reading and thinking about.
Information submitted to the agency under §15(b) is exempt from disclosure except under limited circumstances as described in §6(b)(5). This protection is to provide incentive for companies to fully report information the agency needs to analyze a risk without having to worry that sensitive product information is made public unfairly or prematurely. One of the exemptions to this protection is when the Commission has accepted in writing a “remedial settlement agreement” (see §6(b)(5)(B)).
Here is the question: is the voluntary recall (or specifically the recall’s corrective action plan) a remedial settlement agreement? The regulations currently say that the recall agreement is not enforceable. The agency now proposes to make the recall agreement enforceable. Is the effect of that to make any information submitted under §15(b) subject to disclosure where it otherwise would not have been?
What is the Commission’s current position on this issue? Reading the NPR or listening to the debate does not provide any answers. But one thing is clear: with all this tweaking, some transparency is called for.